Public Process and Governance in Ann Arbor
Whereby the primary for the 5th Ward Council seat is a test of theory of governance.
Ann Arbor is and has been going through a Big Changes moment. There have been a lot of decisions that involve not only notable sums of money but the way our lives are lived in a day-to-day sense. Part of this has been an aggressive push for development in the downtown and elsewhere. Both the money issues and the development issues have inspired a smallish group of actively participating citizens (the cast changes depending on a specific issue) who lobby and write their council representatives, and appear at public comment times. Sometimes contrary viewpoints expressed by citizens have succeeded in modifying Council’s actions, sometimes not. Sometimes a minority of council members have succeeded in recruiting just enough support to alter the course of a project or issue. Sometimes the Council has voted in near unanimity for a particular measure regardless of the loud protests coming from the peanut gallery. But unexpectedly, this engagement by citizens in issues before our local government has become a campaign issue in the August primary for the council seat in the 5th Ward currently held by Mike Anglin. (Note: I am supporting Anglin for re-election.)
Anglin’s challenger, Neal Elyakin, has been said to have the support of Mayor John Hieftje. As reported in the Ann Arbor Observer of July 2011 (the Observer does not customarily put its stories online until the next printed issue comes out), “Hieftje is in many ways a crucial part of the election. He’s endorsed Rapundalo outright and come close with Ault and Elyakin. If all three win, the council’s balance of power will shift further towards the mayor.” And indeed, Elyakin’s positions appear to be the straight Council Party line. He has particularly endorsed development; from the July 13 League of Women Voters debate, “I know that we can keep that homey Ann Arbor attitude and still have the big-city infrastructure that attracts world-class opportunities”. He promises to be a champion for the Fuller Road Station (apparently dreams of trains), a major objective for the Mayor.
Elyakin lays claim to a style that helps to foster consensus on issues. From his website: “I bring disparate groups together toward problem solving and consensus building.” But perhaps his true objective was made a bit more clear with his closing statement at the LWV debate (reported both by the Ann Arbor Chronicle and by AnnArbor.com):
“A few naysayers – while I applaud every person’s right to speak up and speak out – should not hold the city hostage, whether they are in the audience or sitting on council.” (Italics added.)
Elyakin apparently feels things haven’t been going well in the development department. On his campaign website, he says, “My neighbors speak about city development, and raise concerns that the city must have a better decision making process regarding reasonable development”. But what does he mean by that? When has the city been “held hostage” by a few naysayers?
I can think of a couple of examples of when the public became very vocal on a development issue. One example is the two PUD projects proposed for the Germantown neighborhood. The Heritage Row project (the Chronicle had a recent update) has had nearly a cat’s allowance of lifetimes but is currently in limbo. The Moravian, a hotly debated (citizens appearing on both sides of the issue) PUD for nearby, was defeated April 5, 2010; the account by the Chronicle explains that though the project attracted 6 votes, it required 8 to pass (an aspect of special rules governing PUDs, or planned unit developments). In both cases, a majority of council members voted for projects but a minority was able to defeat them because of the city’s ordinances and regulations, which they followed.
The “robust public process” that is now being called for emerged where there was a confluence of big public expenditure and development on the Library Lot Conference Center issue. In that case, a group of citizens kept a consistent watch on the fine points of the question, through RFP advisory committee meetings and as consultant’s reports and independent studies (carefully sliced and diced by the watchful citizens) surfaced. The group, Citizens Against the Conference Center, formed in the latter days when it appeared that Council was really going to pass the thing through (the scheduled date was April 19, 2011). In about three weeks, the group raised $3000, produced yard signs that were distributed all over Ann Arbor (a number were still undistributed when the issue closed down early), and rained a steady downpour of emails upon Council. On April 4, 2011, a resolution sponsored by several council members, including some who had supported the project, closed off the subject.
Is this a model for how citizens should interface with their local government? Not really. It was a substitute for orderly discussion and public interaction with decision-makers throughout that long process. To their credit, council members tried to make it a better process at times, CM Sandi Smith introducing an RFP where it appeared the project was just going to be built through administrative fiat, CM Rapundalo making an effort to open up the RFP Advisory Committee process and promising a public hearing. I’ll always be grateful to Mayor Hieftje for seeing the writing on the wall (or the yard signs) and cutting the thing off cleanly. But was it a case of the city being held hostage by a small minority? Hardly. (For a couple of weeks after the decision, checks to pay for the campaign were still coming in and being returned; people were flocking to the campaign website and asking for signs. As much a mass movement as we’ve seen for a while.) Yet somewhat inadvertently, Elyakin’s campaign has seemed to indicate that he thinks that was an example of a process gone wrong (comment by Gustav Cappaert on the Chronicle: “Why does suggesting that someone build something where the library lot provoke so much ire?”).
Much of what is at issue here boils down to this: What is our concept of governance? And what place does dissent hold?
Governance is a tough issue. We now live in a state where a state official can dissolve a local government. We are seeing a total failure of governance in the US Congress. In many ways we are very fortunate because we have a council that does, on some level, care what its constituents say. But there has been a disturbing direction over the last few years of defining the ideal governance model in Ann Arbor as being…let’s all go along with the direction coming from the top. No dissent, please.
As we reviewed in a post over a year ago, in general we are searching for a thing called “consensus”. But consensus does not mean that everyone agrees. It means that people in general will go along with a decision they dislike. If a decision makes a noticeable fraction of people really, really upset (as would have been the case in the Library Lot Conference Center), things fall apart.
We’ve been told from time to time that we have a thing called “representative government”. Here is a quote from that earlier post:
In the article linked to here, both city administrator Roger Fraser and then-CM Chris Easthope both cited the concept of “representative government”. According to them, this concept means that once you vote an official into office, you have to accept any decision he makes. Of course you can throw him out of office at the next election, but meanwhile he is free to make all decisions without any input from you.
Well, that’s one concept of public process. But the “representative” is also supposed to listen to constituents and at least factor that into his thinking. Having been on that side of the desk, I know there are times that a representative has to make an unpopular decision and then risk the judgment of the voters. I don’t actually believe in government by referendum. We’d have never passed the Civil Rights Act if it had been presented for a public vote. But when the issue is not so morally weighted, we expect those we elect to listen to us.
The current discussion about a “robust public process” is exploring what the appropriate, and useful, role of the public in making decisions should be. I’m encouraged by comments from the DDA’s meetings and council action that this is being considered seriously, and will be writing more about it later.
But meanwhile, we are coming up to a point of the only public referendum that really counts, namely elections.
Mike Anglin has sometimes been a lone dissenter, and often if not always a member of the minority on council. But he has, in doing so, clearly been representing his constituents, to the extent that he hears from them. Two years ago he won re-election by a 65% margin against a Council Party nominee. (See our analysis.) Sometimes his lonely vote has been something, that in retrospect, looks pretty good. Consider that he was the only vote against the Big Hole (the parking garage under the Library Lot). We strenuously argued against it at the time and those arguments have only been augmented by recent developments. Whether the benefits of this project are in confirmation of its initiation or not, it seems clear now that it deserved more scrutiny. In any event, would we have been better off if he had raised no objection at all? Did his objection at least put the matter on the table for discussion? I think so. And his recent objection to the Fuller Road sewer improvements surely falls into the same category. (See the AnnArbor.com account.)
Can Anglin have been said to “hold the city hostage”? Clearly not, since he didn’t prevail in those cases. Now, he has been a member of that council minority who have denied the CP a supermajority (8 votes) for certain projects. Perhaps that is what Elyakin is getting at – that he wants to eliminate those minority votes and thus promote what he terms “reasonable development”. His endorsement by one of the most pro-development members on Council, Sandi Smith, would seem to support that.
It should be emphasized that Anglin’s votes have been (WAG) 95% with the rest of council— and with the Mayor. Some of his votes (both for and against) have been in a direction I didn’t like personally. But I think Elyakin’s criticism of him as a “naysayer” indicates a greater divide – the question of whether dissent and discussion have a place in governance in Ann Arbor. I think they do.
UPDATE: Anglin won and so did Kunselman, both by about 2-1 margins. (Kunselman’s numbers were slightly confused by a third candidate in the race.) The third incumbent in the race, Stephen Rapundalo (a founding member of the Council Party), suffered some incursions by a novice politician with little funding, Tim Hull. Here are news accounts, from the Ann Arbor Chronicle and AnnArbor.com.
Results summarized (write-in votes omitted):
The August Democratic primary election has become, like it or not, the only referendum on our local government that we have. This was a clear result of Council Party 1: Dissidents 2. It is notable that the Fuller Road Station became one of the main subjects discussed during the campaign. I would claim that this result shows a lack of enthusiasm for that project.Explore posts in the same categories: Basis, Neighborhoods, politics